France Sinks Further Into Gutter; PMI Accelerates to 4-Year Low; “Core” of Europe Now Consists of Germany Only
While laughing at the amusing exchange of letters between the CEO of Titan and Arnaud Montebourg, Minister of Industrial Renewal of France, I awaited the latest PMI report on France, expecting findings to be horrific.
The PMI reports are out today, and inquiring minds will note the Markit Flash France PMI shows the decline in French private sector output accelerates further to reach near four-year record.
- Flash France Composite Output Index drops to 42.3 (42.7 in January), 47-month low
- Flash France Services Activity Index falls to 42.7 (43.6 in January), 48-month low
- Flash France Manufacturing PMI climbs to 43.6 (42.9 in January), 2-month high
- Flash France Manufacturing Output Index rises to 41.2 (40.8 in January), 2-month high
Latest Flash PMI data indicated that the downturn in French private sector output deepened in February. January’s Markit Flash France Composite Output Index , based on around 85% of normal monthly survey replies, slipped from 42.7 in January to 42.3, its lowest reading since March 2009.
The steeper fall in overall output was driven by an accelerated decline in the service sector where activity contracted at the fastest pace in four years. Manufacturers signalled a slightly slower decrease in production compared with one month previously, albeit still sharper than signalled in the service sector.
New business placed with private sector companies in France fell again in February, extending the current sequence of contraction to one year. The rate of decline quickened slightly since January and was only marginally slower than December’s 45-month record.
Service providers indicated that new business fell at the sharpest rate for just under four years. Survey respondent s commented that difficult business conditions and intensifying competitive pressures had conspired to depress inflows of new work.
France Economic Output
Expect GDP to follow the PMI far more than economists expect.
Eurozone Aggregate PMI
The Markit Flash Eurozone PMI shows steepening downturn in February.
- Flash Eurozone PMI Composite Output Index at 47.3 (48.6 in January). Two-month low.
- Flash Eurozone Services PMI Activity Index at 47.3 (48.6 in January). Three-month low.
- Flash Eurozone Manufacturing PMI at 47.8 (47.9 in January). Two-month low.
- Flash Eurozone Manufacturing PMI Output Index at 47.5 (48.7 in January). Two-month low.
The Markit Eurozone PMI® Composite Output Index fell to 47.3 in February from 48.6 in January, according to the flash estimate. The decline signals a steepening of the economic downturn, contrasting with the easing trend seen in the previous three months. Business activity has now declined throughout the past year-and-a-half, with the exception of a marginal increase in January last year.
Output rose for the third month running in Germany, albeit at a slower rate, contrasting with accelerating, steep rates of decline in both France and across the rest of the Eurozone on average. French businesses were particularly weak, reporting the largest monthly drop in output since March 2009. Outside of France and Germany, the rate of decline was the fastest for three months, though it was weaker than the downturn seen in France.
New orders fell for the nineteenth month running, with the rate of decline gathering pace having eased to the weakest for 11 months in January. However, the overall rate of loss in February remained less steep than that seen throughout much of 2012.
Chris Williamson, Chief Economist at Markit said: “A steepening rate of decline in February is a disappointment, and suggests that the eurozone is on course to contract for a fourth consecutive quarter in the first three months of the year. Digging into the data shows increasing schisms within the eurozone. National divergences between France and Germany have widened so far this year to the worst seen since the survey began in 1998. Germany is on course to grow in the first quarter, recovering from the 0.6% GDP fall seen in the fourth quarter, possibly expanding by as much as 0.4%. In contrast, France’s downturn is likely to deepen, bringing the euro area’s second-largest member more in line with the periphery than with the now solitary-looking German ‘core’.”
“Core” of Europe vs. Periphery
Recall that the “core” of Europe was once Germany, France, and Italy. Italy went down the tubes long ago and the “core” became Germany and France. The “core” is now Germany.
Rotten to the Core
Last month the eurozone composite PMI rose from 47.2 to 48.6.
Chris Williamson, Chief Economist at Markit offered this interpretation: “The eurozone is showing clear signs of healing, with the downturn easing sharply in January and the region moving closer to stabilisation in the first quarter.”
I offered a completely different interpretation on February 7 in Illusions of Stabilization.
No Signs of Healing
I disagree with Williamson. Those divergences show the eurozone is getting sicker, not healing.
If there was any healing, and certainly if there was any rebalancing, manufacturing and export growth would be picking up in Spain, in Italy, and in France at the expense of Germany.
Illusion of Eurozone Stabilization
There is no real stabilization and there is no healing. Rather, the policies of Hollande are so disastrous that some output has shifted to Germany and elsewhere, (coupled perhaps with some inventory replenishment and a temporary stimulus-fueled increase in demand in Asia).
Even that cannot last. How can it?
US growth has stalled (at best) and 2% payroll tax cuts will tip the US into recession (assuming it’s not there already).
With employment sinking in France, Italy, and Spain, precisely who will buy German exports?
Properly rebalancing will require a shift in production from Germany to the rest of Europe as well as a shift towards more consumption in Germany from the rest of Europe. That cannot and will not happen with the destructive polices of Hollande, and the lack of reforms in Spain and Italy.
Something has to give. And it’s something very few people see coming.
Germany Will Pay a Steep Price
One way or another Germany will pay a huge price.
These are the only two eurozone recovery options
- Germany gives (not lends) more bailout money to the rest of Europe
- The eurozone breaks up
Until one of those things happens, signs of stabilization are nothing but an illusion.
There are no other options, and no other choices. Meanwhile, imbalances grow and German taxpayers keep funneling tax dollars to the Southern states to keep them afloat.
How long German citizens are willing to put up with this sorry state of affairs remains to be seen.
Mike “Mish” Shedlock