Dreadful Economic Data in Germany, Italy, Spain France
With all the focus (mine included) on the US elections it was easy to overlook some quite a lot of extremely poor economic reports in the Eurozone.
By the way, many people are attributing the stock market decline to the election of Obama. I was up at 3:00AM and the futures were still green. Futures turned red following comments by ECB president Mario Draghi regarding economic weakness in Germany.
Here are some dreadful Eurozone news stories you may have missed.
Sharpest Fall in French Service Sector in a Year
The Markit France Services PMI® shows the sharpest fall in French service sector business activity for a year.
- Final Markit France Services Activity Index at 44.6 (45.0 in September), 12-month low.
- Final Markit France Composite Output Index at 43.5 (43.2 in September), 2-month high.
Business activity in the French service sector decreased at a substantial rate in October. This primarily reflected a further drop in incoming new business, as weak economic conditions weighed on demand. The rate of job losses accelerated as service providers responded to excess capacity. Output prices continued to be cut at a sharp rate, despite a further (albeit weaker) rise in input costs. Future expectations deteriorated again, slipping to the lowest level since January 2009.
Across the French private sector as a whole, new business fell sharply, albeit at a slightly slower rate than in the previous month.
Employment in the French service sector continued to fall in the latest survey period. The rate of job cutting quickened to the fastest since December 2009, as a number of companies pursued restructuring strategies and chose not to replace voluntary leavers.
Jack Kennedy, Senior Economist at Markit and author of the France Services PMI®, said: “The pace of contraction in private sector output during the last two months has been the sharpest since the post-Lehmans slump in early 2009. With ebbing confidence having resulted in widespread belt-tightening among clients, the economy heads towards the end of the year on a decidedly precarious footing.”
Spain Business Activity Drops 16th Successive Month
The Markit Spain Services PMI® shows Sixteenth successive reduction in business activity.
- New orders and activity fall sharply
- Charges decrease at faster pace
- Companies forecast decline in activity over coming year
Further sharp reductions in activity and new orders were recorded in the Spanish service sector during October as the economic crisis in the country persisted. Falling demand led companies to offer discounts in an attempt to stimulate new orders, despite a solid increase in input costs. Meanwhile, the labour market continued to suffer as the rate of job cuts remained marked.
New business has fallen in each month since July 2011. October data pointed to the fastest reduction in outstanding business in 2012 to date. The rate of job cuts remained sharp, and was broadly in line with those seen in previous months.
Commenting on the Spanish Services PMI® survey data, Andrew Harker, economist at Markit and author of the report said:
“The latest Spanish services PMI data point to another dreadful month for companies in the sector as the economic crisis showed no signs of letting up. Rates of decline in activity and new business remained substantial, with clients reluctant to spend amid deteriorating economic conditions.”
Margin Squeeze in Italy
The Markit/ADACI Italy Services PMI® shows Weakest fall in business activity for 14 months.
- Output, new work and employment all fall at reduced rates
- Margins squeezed by diverging trends in input and output prices
- Future expectations remain subdued
Trends in business activity, new work and employment in Italy’s service sector improved during October, each falling at rates that were weaker than those registered one month before. Future expectations were little-changed since September, however, while developments in input and output prices put further pressure on profit margins.
Phil Smith, economist at Markit and author of the Italy Services PMI® said:
“October data showed that Italy’s service sector continued to struggle under the weight of austerity as well as economic and political uncertainty. The latest contraction in business activity was considerable overall and pointed to Italy’s recession continuing into Q42012. That said, the headline index is clearly moving in the right direction, with the implied rate of decline a far cry from that recorded at the depths of the current downturn in services output back in April. That was in part reflective of the trend in new business, which also fell at a reduced pace over month.”
New Business Declines in Germany
The Markit Germany Services PMI® shows Marginal reduction in German services activity amid ongoing new business declines.
- Final Germany Services Business Activity Index(1) at 48.4 in October, down from 49.7 in September.
- Final Germany Composite Output Index(2) at 47.7 in October, down from 49.2 in September.
October data indicated a slight reduction in German service sector output, following a near-stabilisation during the previous month. The final seasonally adjusted Markit Germany Composite Output Index – which measures the combined output of the manufacturing and service sectors – posted 47.7 in October, down from 49.2 in September. This was the lowest reading since August and below the neutral 50.0 mark for the sixth successive month.
Service providers suggested that subdued underlying client demand continued in October, as highlighted by a seventh successive monthly decline in new business intakes.
Commenting on the final Markit Germany PMI® survey data, Tim Moore, senior economist at Markit and author of the report said:
“October’s final German PMI data highlight a lack of momentum in either services or manufacturing at the start of Q4 2012, with both sectors posting slightly sharper output falls than one month previously. At its current level, the composite PMI figure raises the likelihood of an outright GDP contraction during the final quarter of the year.”
German Construction Falls at Accelerated Rate
The Markit Germany Construction PMI® shows German construction activity falls at accelerated rate in October.
- Steep decline in civil engineering activity leads downturn
- Jobs cut amid further weakness in new orders
- Construction firms pessimistic about the year ahead
The downturn in German construction gathered pace in October, with the civil engineering subsector showing particular weakness over the month. Activity fell on the back of another sharp decline in inflows of new orders, and firms responded to reduced workloads by cutting staff numbers. Meanwhile, future expectations were the lowest since the depths of the global financial crisis in late 2008.
Total construction work in Germany decreased at a faster rate in October, as signalled by the seasonally adjusted Germany Construction Purchasing Managers’ Index® (PMI®) – a single-figure snapshot of overall activity in the construction economy – dipping from September’s mark of 48.6 to 44.6. That was the lowest since July, and the eighth sub-50 reading in the past nine months.
Mike “Mish” Shedlock